There are lots of ways of choosing who should represent the people in parliament, councils and other groups, from random selection to very complex ballots. In the UK, we are used to First Past The Post, and so we tend to assume that’s all you’d ever need. But, there are a number of problems with FPTP, and many countries are moving to more modern methods of voting.
- FPTP is what we’ve got;
- STV (Single Transferable Vote) is preferred by many student organisations;
- AV+ was recommended by the Jenkins report set up by the last Labour government;
- AV is what we could have.
- Single-winner (constituencies)
- Plurality (FPTP)
- Preferential (including AV)
- Candidate scoring
- Proportional (including STV)
- Semi-proportional (including AV+)
- Block vote
Which system you pick depends on what is important to you in deciding elections.